Pengaruh Bioremediasi Tanaman Eceng Gondok (Eichornia crassipes) Terhadap Penurunan Amoniak, pH, Minyak dan Lemak pada Limbah Minyak Mentah Wonocolo Bojonegoro

  • Lukman Ari Bahtiar Pascasarjana Magister Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Diponegoro https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5646-0722
  • Jafron Wasiq Hidayat Pascasarjana Magister Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Diponegoro
Keywords: water hyacinth, phytoremediation, NH3, pH, oil and fat

Abstract

This study aims to determine how much water hyacinth absorbs pollution, effectiveness and how
significant the difference in pollution in crude oil waste after and before planting water
hyacinth. The sample tested in this oil waste is NH3, pH of oil and fat. The research design used
was a randomized block design (RBD) of 5x1 with 3 replications with variations in the
concentration of crude oil waste consisting of 5 dilution treatments, namely: P0 (100%), P1
(75%), P2 (50%), P3 (25%) and P4 (0%) and observed for 21 days. Data from the research
results were analyzed using Microsoft Excel software to test the value of efficiency. The results
of the study after phytoremediation of water hyacinth were able to reduce NH3 content, pH of
oil and fat. Water hyacinth can absorb contamination caused by crude oil waste effectively. It is
proven that during the phytoremediation process NH3 content in crude oil waste decreases
below the water quality standard, in oil and fat parameters it can fall below the water quality
standard except treatment P4. Water hyacinth can reduce NH3, pH Oil and fat in crude oil
waste are significant.

Author Biography

Lukman Ari Bahtiar, Pascasarjana Magister Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Diponegoro

 

 

References

Dewi, Y. S. 2012. Efektifitas Jumlah Rumpun Tanaman Eceng Gondok

(Eichornia crassipes) dalam Pengendalian Limbah Cair Domestik. Jurnal

Teknik Lingkungan, Vol. 13 pp 151-158.

Handrianto, P., 2011. Pencemaran minyak bumi (crude oil) http://sainsjournalfst11.

web.unair.ac.id/artikel_detail-38716PencemaranLingkunganPencemaran%

minyak%20bumi%20%28crude%20oil%29. html. Diakses tanggal 18

September2018 jam 20:26.

Hartanti, P. I., Alexander T. S. H., & Ruslan W. 2014. Pengaruh Kerapatan

Tanaman Eceng Gondok (Eichornia crassipes) Terhadap Penurunan Logam

Chromium pada Limbah Cair Penyamakan Kulit. Jurnal Sumberdaya Alam dan

Lingkungan. Malang : Universitas Brawijaya.

Hedar, Yusran. 2018. Tugas Akhir : Pengaruh Kegiatan Penambangan

Tradisional Minyak Bumi pada Sumur Tua Terhadap Kualitas Air Sungai.

Semarang : Program Studi Magister Ilmu Lingkungan Sekolah Pascasarjana

Universitas Diponegoro.

Mahyudin, S. S. & TB Prayogo. 2015. Analisis kualitas air dan strategi

pengendalian pencemaran air Sungai Metro di Kota Kepanjen Kabupaten

Malang. Indonesian Journal of Environment, Vol. 6 pp 105-114.

Putra, R. 2018. Pemanfaatan Eceng Gondok (Eichornia crassipes) Sebagai

Tanaman Phyto Treatment dalam Proses Pengolahan Limbah Cair Penyulingan

Minyak Kayu Putih. Jurnal. Yogyakarta : UII.

Tosepu, Ramadhan. 2012. Laju Penurunan Logam Berat Plumbum (Pb) Dan

Cadmium (Cd) Oleh Eichornia crassipes dan Cyperus papyrus (The Diminution

Rate of Heavy Metals, Plumbum and Cadmium By Eichornia crassipes and

Cyperus papyrus). Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, Vol. 19 pp 37 – 45.

Udeh N. U., Nwaogazie I. I., & Momoh Y. 2013. Bio-remediation of a

Contaminated Soil Using Water Hyacinth (Eeichornia crassipes). Jurnal, Vol. 4

pp 362-369.

Zaman, B. & Endro S. 2006. Kemampuan Penyerapan Eceng Gondok Terhadap

Amoniak dalam Limbah Rumah Sakit Berdasarkan Umur dan Lama Kontak

(Studi Kasus: Rs Panti Wilasa, Semarang). Jurnal PRESIPITASI ISSN 1907-

X, Vol. 1 pp 49-54.

Published
2019-11-14