Pengaruh (CH2)n Terhadap Karakteristik Pembakaran Bahan Bakar Pelet Partikel Arang Sampah Organik

  • Lalu Mustiadi Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknologi Industri Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang
  • Siswi Astuti Jurusan Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknologi Industri Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang
  • Aladin Eko Purkuncoro Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknologi Industri Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang
Keywords: Charcoal pellets, Hydrogen bonding, Combustion characteristics


The effect of (CH2)n on the combustion characteristics of organic waste charcoal pellet
fuel has been studied visually and experimentally on atmospheric pressure and room
temperature. Organic waste charcoal particles containing (C, O, Mg, Al, Si, Ca), and plastic
bottle oil are formed as polyethelin (CH2)n. Pellet fuel is made from a mixture of polyethelin
and organic waste charcoal particles, based on a percentage of the mass ratio (1; 5; 10%). The
characteristics of pellet combustion are identified from the time and temperature signal of the
flame, by igniting a pellet under the thermocouple junction. The results showed that the
increasing mass of the mixture had a stronger influence on the pellet combustion process,
indicated by the faster start-up time with an increased pellet burning rate. The catalyst in the
organic waste charcoal binds hydrogen from (CH2)n, forming the molecular structure (CH2)n to
be weak with a low density, therefore it can quickly evaporate and burn. With the bigger mass
of the mixture, carbon moles in pellets are increasing. Consequently, the greater the mass ratio
of the mixture will form wider energy absorption characteristic, forming an equilibrium
stoichiometric reaction by producing an increased rate of combustion energy release. The
increasing mass of the mixture, helps the generation of activation energy is greater in the
burning of organic charcoal waste pellets, as confirmed by the greater absorption of infrared
%T energy.


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